Academic Journals Data Sharing Requirements
Some academic journals also require an article’s supporting data to be made publicly-available. Most such journals adopt the Joint Data Archiving Policy, and are listed at Dryad, an article data repository.
New and Notable Developments
- Starting in July 2018, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) will require manuscripts on clinical trial research to contain a data sharing statement prior to consideration of publication in their member journals. In addition, clinical trials that begin enrolling participants on or after 1 January 2019 must include a data sharing plan in the trial’s registration. While the policy does not require data sharing, ICJME states that “investigators should be aware that editors may take into consideration data sharing statements when making editorial decisions”. What must be addressed in a data sharing statement and examples of valid statements can be found here. You can find a list of journals that adhere to ICMJE policies here.
- In January of 2016, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) proposed that clinical trial research data underlying a publication’s results must be de-identified and shared with the public no later than 6 months post-publication. Please see the full proposal in the New England Journal of Medicine for more details.
Journals Data Sharing Requirements Comparison Table
|Journal||Policy (Last policy updated)||Requirements||Notes|
|Nature||Availability of data (2016)||Nature has specific and well documented recommendations for different types of data, materials, and computer code.||Nature journals' data availability policies are compatible with Springer Nature’s standardized research data policies.|
|PLoS||Editorial and Publishing Policies (2016)||Data associated with publications must be publically available with rare exceptions.||Each PLoS journal has its own more specific set of guidelines and policies. These are accessible from the main policy link.|
|Science||Data Deposition and Availability of Data (2016)||Large data must be deposited in a database with identifier prior to publication and all data and materials must be available to public after publication.||For full data policy explanation see both “data deposition” and “availability of data and materials after publication” headings on the policy page.|
|PNAS||Materials and Data Availability (2016)||Authors required to make data, protocols and materials available to researchers and disclose where restrictions apply.||Under the Materials and Data Availability section on the editorial policies page there are type-specific data policies listed in addition to the general data sharing policy.|
Like Sherpa JULIET, Sherpa RoMEO is international in scope. This component provides information about journal publishers’ policies. Information about copyright and archiving policies are included, and users can search journal titles, ISSNs, or publisher names.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.